Lying in the northern tip of the Horn of Africa, bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, Djibouti in the southeast, and by the waters of the red sea to the East, Eritrea is an exciting and wonderful land of high mountains, fertile valleys and windswept plains. Eritrea’s greatest asset though is her determined, capable and proud people. With a population of nearly 5 million people, the nation’s citizens are highly independent, and breathe an air of resilience and togetherness every time the nation is faced with a problem.
The Mursi people, numbering to less than 10,000, are a nomadic cattle herding community who live to the southwest of the Aari in the South Omo Region of Ethiopia, 100 km north of the Kenyan border and close to the Sudanese border. Their neighbours include the Bodi, the Aari, the Banna, the Kara, the Kwegu, the Suri, Nyangatom (Bumi) and the Chai. The Nyangatom are some of the most feared warriors in the Omo Valley. They live in the dry, semi-desert lands of south-west Ethiopia and southern Sudan, where their lives revolve around their herds of zebu cattle and raising crops.They face serious competition for access to scarce water and grazing resources.
With a population of about 150 million people, Nigeria is the most populous nation in the African continent. The West African economic powerhouse is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups with varying languages and customs, crafting a nation with rich ethnic and cultural diversity. The most popular among the diverse ethnic groups in Nigeria are Ibo or Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa-Faluni accounting for over 68% of the total population, while the Edo, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibo, Ebira Nupe, Tiv and other minority groups account for the remaining percentage. Yoruba people mostly occupy the southern parts on Nigeria. The Ibo or Igbo group stays in the south eastern states of Nigeria. The Hausa-Faluni stays in the northern Nigeria. The largest religion practiced by the Nigerian population is Islam, which constitutes about 50%, and Christian, which constitutes slightly over 48% of the total population, while indigenous religions make up the rest.
The majority of Nigerian Muslims are Sunni (95%), while Christian Nigerians are about evenly split between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. Most Nigerians speak more than one language. The country's official language, English, is widely spoken, especially among the urban elite.
Fictional books often carry the same perception of the Congo-River basin; mythical beasts, cannibalism, pygmies and deadly plagues. “People of the rain forest” has become the expression by which this people are identified. However this term encompasses populations covering Africa from Gabon through to some parts of Uganda. Their history has also been exploited by the big screen to depict them as a barbaric populace.
The catalog of the Somali people historically appears on record when Egyptian Queen Hatsebshut sent a convoy to the land of Punt. This directly translated is the land of spices. Somali was the land of Punt, it was famous for trading its spices in for things such as glass and jewelry from the Egyptians. Travelers described them as very graceful. Surprisingly information has been jotted down describing the majority of the population as fat and somewhat worldly.
Africa is changing fast,ancient cultures dominated by tribal customs,the rythm of the seasons,rites and hierachies age group and elders,exist side by side with airports and skyscrapers.Nowhere is this contrast greater than in kenya,where progressive government policies co-exist with a respect for tribal traditions.
It was enough for the Portuguese settlers to discover cape colony in the early 16th century and use it as a port on their route to India and colonization was not a priority for them. They had no need to concern themselves with such, at least not until later in the century when competition emerged bearing the faces of Dutch Traders. The Dutch spread themselves inland and started to acquire small colonies.
Algeria is a country where human trafficking has been ongoing even before civil conflict began in the North African nation in 1991. The conflict between the Algerian government and various Islamist rebel groups, which ended with a government victory in 2002 is estimated to have cost lives of between 150,000 and 200,000 men, women and children alike, all of who suffered egregious atrocities. Today, most Algerian children continue to suffer as a result of neglect and a lack of specific legal framework protecting children from quandaries such as trafficking, prostitution and child labour.
Bordered on the west by Congo, on the north by the Sudan, on the east by Kenya, and on the south by Tanzania and Rwanda, Uganda lies across the equator and is home to over 32 million men, women and children. The people of Uganda make the East African nation a study in cultural diversity, speaking over 30 different languages, but with one people.
Across the central woodlands, along the shores of Lake Victoria, on to the dhows of fishermen casting their nets upon the clear blue Indian ocean lies a sovereign nation of Tanzania: a nation known for a people that value the preservation of respect, family values and tradition. Due to their unique combination of historic and cultural factors, Tanzanians share strong feelings of national pride and cohesion.