Algeria is a country where human trafficking has been ongoing even before civil conflict began in the North African nation in 1991. The conflict between the Algerian government and various Islamist rebel groups, which ended with a government victory in 2002 is estimated to have cost lives of between 150,000 and 200,000 men, women and children alike, all of who suffered egregious atrocities. Today, most Algerian children continue to suffer as a result of neglect and a lack of specific legal framework protecting children from quandaries such as trafficking, prostitution and child labour.
The country is becoming a place of transit for trafficking between Africa and Western Europe, and reports indicate that children are kidnapped and their organs harvested. Other reports further indicate that young Algerian girls are trafficked to Israel, Italy and other Western countries, where they are sometimes forced into prostitution and early marriages. Child labour continues to soar as children are found working either in part-time or full-time employment in small workshops, on family farms, as couriers and in informal trade, while their nutritional status has not improved since the end of the civil war. However, the Algerian government has been working in partnership with other non-governmental organizations to among others, increase awareness to promote child rights, tackle juvenile delinquency, introduce maternal care and universal education for girls and boys, remove children from the streets and also eliminate child labour. Such programmes coupled with different healthcare initiatives has seen decline in infant and maternal mortality rates, but the major issues of child abuse are yet to be fully addressed.